< Giant Tortoises
Island Biodiversity
Seychelles biodiversity
Conservation Animals and plants Islands Publications Contact

Seychelles giant tortoises
Biology Conservation Reintroduction

'Extinct' Giant Tortoises Rediscovered

The survival of 'extinct' giant tortoises from the granitic islands of Seychelles was confirmed by the Nature Protection Trust of Seychelles in 1997. Giant tortoises were common on all islands in the western Indian Ocean until Mauritius was colonised in the 1600s when increasing numbers of explorers and settlers visited the Seychelles islands and removed or killed the tortoises in vast numbers. By 1840 the only surviving giant tortoises in the wild were those on the inhospitable Aldabra atoll some 700 miles away and the unrelated Galapagos giant tortoises in the Pacific. Even on these islands extinction was only narrowly avoided. In the Indian Ocean the Aldabran tortoises were saved by appeals for the conservation of Aldabra by eminent scientists of the time, including Charles Darwin, and the leasing of the island by Lord Walter Rothschild who maintained a passionate interest in the biology and conservation of these animals.

It has generally been assumed that only the Aldabran species survived this over-exploitation. Occasionally, most recently in 1995, it has been suggested that some Seychelles granitic island tortoises survive in captivity. The report of oddly-shaped captive tortoises prompted the Nature Protection Trust of Seychelles to examine the identity of the living tortoises. Examination of museum specimens of the 'extinct' Seychelles species by Dr. Justin Gerlach and Laura Canning confirmed that some living tortoises do show characteristics of the supposedly extinct species. A discussion of the identification of these tortoises and controversies surrounding their origins are discussed on other pages.

These species, thought to have been driven to extinction 120 years ago, were the subject of a highly successful conservation programme by the Nature Protection Trust of Seychelles.

Other pages provide more information on the captive breeding programme and reintroductions and profiles of the captive tortoises. The biology and conservation of Indian Ocean giant tortoises is described in detail in 'Giant Tortoises of the Indian Ocean' by Justin Gerlach.

 

Sir David Attenborough is the patron of this conservation project

  Sir David Attenborough with Justin Gerlach